|1. Anne Frank as a young girl|
Given name: Annelies Marie Frank
Date of Birth: June 12, 1929
Place of Birth: Frankfurt, Germany
Anne Frank is one of the most famous Holocaust victims, due in thanks to the diary that she kept throughout her entire experience in hiding during the war. The book about her diary, The Diary of Anne Frank is one of the most well known in the world, and draws a lot of attention to the Holocaust and what it was like to be in hiding for so long, unable to experience life as a young girl.
Anne Frank was born in Germany in 1929 to her parents, Otto and Edith. They lived in Frankfurt with her sister Margot until 1933 when the Nazis seized power. They then moved to Amsterdam, the Netherlands where her father had business connections. They moved into 263 Prinsengracht Street where Otto ran his business from. In 1940, the Nazis took over Amsterdam, and in 1942, Jews began to be deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau and Sobibor to be killed (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum).
2. Anne Frank at school in 1941
|3. The Franks went into hiding in this|
apartment for over 2 years.
Quotes from Anne's diary:
“Not being able to go outside upsets me more than I can say, and I'm terrified our hiding place will be discovered and that we'll be shot.'- Anne Frank, 1942
They hid in the secret attic, which Anne called the “secret annex” in her diary. There was a staircase leading up to the secret annex which the covered with a bookcase, so it was hidden to anyone who entered the house.
“Now our Secret Annex has truly become secret…Mr. Kugler thought it would be better to have a bookcase built in front of the entrance to our hiding place. It swings out on its hinges and opens like a door.
-Anne Frank, August 21, 1942
"If I just think of how we live here, I usually come to the conclusion that it is a paradise compared with how other Jews who are not in hiding must be living,"- May 1, 1943
"Would anyone, either Jew or non-Jew, understand this about me, that I am simply a young girl badly in need of some frolicking fun?" -December 24, 1943
"Finally I twist my heart round again, so that the bad is on the outside and the good is on the inside, and keep on trying to find a way of becoming what I would so like to be, and what I could be, if... there weren't any other people living in the world." - August 1, 1944
There were many workers coming in and out of the house, but none of them ever knew about Anne, her family and their friends, the van Pels, who were in hiding for two years. They would “not flush the toilet during the day and avoid making any other noises” Miep Gies recalled in an interview done in 1997. Through the help of non-Jews such as Miep Gies, who has become extremely well known, Johannes Kleiman, Victor Kugler, Jan Gies, they were supplied with food and clothing thanks to these brave people.On August 14, 1944, however, the Franks and van Pels were discovered and arrested by the Gestapo, thanks to an unknown Dutch caller.
“When the police found the hiding place I mainly felt a tremendous disappointment that so close to the end of the war my friends were caught. We honestly thought that we had made it. Paris was already captured by the Allies. Their troops were less than 250 miles from Amsterdam. Germany had actually lost the war. And then this happened.” –Miep Gies, 1997
The Gestapo sent the Franks to Westerbork, and then a month later in September 1944 sent them to Auschwitz, and then Anne and her sister Margot were sent to Bergen-Belson, a camp focused on child labor.
Edith Frank died in January of 1945.
Anne and Margot died of typhus in March of 1945 just weeks before British troops liberated the camp in April.
Otto Frank was the only member of the family to survive.
|4. The attic/ secret annex|
|6. The window that Anne could see her favorite chestnut tree from|